Coastal Zones Management

Green for Blue – Biophilic Urban Waterfronts; Planning for Resilience

Blue might be where the impacts of climate change would be mostly felt as marine coral reefs, oceans levels and marine biodiversity are subjected to the increasing pressures of global warming. The global consensus on agenda 2030 announced by the United Nations and the successful COP21 Paris climate change...

Urban development in coastal areas: opportunities for economic growth and how to overcome the challenges for sustainability

The definition of coastal zones, regions or areas is variable; entrenched in laws for the purpose of regulation or by the scientific community in relation to research and classification. In considering the definition (Box 1) we can start to consider why these areas are important;...

GIS technology and spatial analysis in the coastal zone management

The coastal zone is home to a considerable part of global population (>25%, based on a 100 km band, IPPC 2007). Many of the world’s major cities are located in the coastal zone. From a spatial planning point of view, a coastal location has major advantages (primarily related to transportation/shipping) as well as the amenities of...

GIS/GNSS/remote sensing for Coastal Management

The United Nation (UN) declared “1998” as the International Year of the Ocean and this reflects the social and economic importance of the coastal zone. The declaration promotes public awareness about oceans and their greater role in global change. Almost half of the world’s population lives within the coastal zones and in...

Sustainable Coastal Zone Management and Aquaculture

Food from aquatic environments contributes to human nutrition and health, but maintaining long-term production and supply from both wild-capture fisheries and aquaculture is challenging. Production must be sufficient, safe and nutritious but also environmentally, socially and economically sustainable. Global demands are...

Effects of Climate Change on Open Oceans

When thinking the nowadays big issue of climate change, little things are known regarding the role of the oceans on it. If we consider that 71% of the Earth’s surface is covered by Ocean, with an average depth between 4,000 and 11,000 fdff and it can be compared with the highest world mountains (Mount Everest peaks the 8,848 meters above sea level) then it is easy for someone...

Biodiversity, the Ocean’s the hidden treasure

When you think of marine biodiversity, the hidden treasure of the oceans, what do you think of? Whales, turtles, coral reefs? These are all examples of marine biodiversity and are some of the most well-known animals that live in the sea, but there is far more too marine biodiversity than just these large well known species. Most people know very little about marine biodiversity because we...

Recovering Coral Reefs : Returning Life to Sea.

Corals are an important part of the global ecosystem, specifically the marine ecosystem. They are threatened worldwide, as they are constantly exposed to aggression in several forms, including industrial pollution, maritime traffic, fishing activities, touristic activities, shoreline constructions, global warming, to name only a few...

The Blue Flag Programme

The Blue Flag Programme is a voluntary eco-label for beaches and marinas. The programme is run by the Foundation for Environmental Education (FEE), a non profit nongovernmental organisation with member organisations in 73 countries as of June 2015. The Blue Flag Programme started in Europe in 1987 with the purpose of encouraging beaches to comply...
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